Vedic Mathematics is the name given to the ancient system of
Mathematics which was rediscovered from the Vedas between 1911 and 1918
by Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji (1884-1960). According to his research all
of mathematics is based on sixteen Sutras or word-formulae. For
example, ‘Vertically and Crosswise` is one of these Sutras. These
formulae describe the way the mind naturally works and are therefore a
great help in directing the student to the appropriate method of
solution.

Perhaps the most striking feature of the Vedic system is its
coherence. Instead of a hotch-potch of unrelated techniques the whole
system is beautifully interrelated and unified: the general
multiplication method, for example, is easily reversed to allow one-line
divisions and the simple squaring method can be reversed to give
one-line square roots. And these are all easily understood. This
unifying quality is very satisfying, it makes mathematics easy and
enjoyable and encourages innovation.

In the Vedic system ‘difficult’ problems or huge sums can often be
solved immediately by the Vedic method. These striking and beautiful
methods are just a part of a complete system of mathematics which is far
more systematic than the modern ‘system’. Vedic Mathematics manifests
the coherent and unified structure of mathematics and the methods are
complementary, direct and easy.

The simplicity of Vedic Mathematics means that calculations can be
carried out mentally (though the methods can also be written down).
There are many advantages in using a flexible, mental system. Pupils can
invent their own methods, they are not limited to the one ‘correct’
method. This leads to more creative, interested and intelligent pupils.

Interest in the Vedic system is growing in education where
mathematics teachers are looking for something better and finding the
Vedic system is the answer. Research is being carried out in many areas
including the effects of learning Vedic Maths on children; developing
new, powerful but easy applications of the Vedic Sutras in geometry,
calculus, computing etc.

But the real beauty and effectiveness of Vedic Mathematics cannot be
fully appreciated without actually practicing the system. One can then
see that it is perhaps the most refined and efficient mathematical
system possible.

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